An arbitration clause is a clause in a contract that states that the parties will pursue arbitration in case of a breach of the agreement. This arbitration can take place after good-faith negotiations between the parties have failed or can be mandatory immediately upon any breach. Many businesses like to include arbitration clauses in their contracts because it simplifies the process of rectifying a breach. Arbitration can be cheaper and more expedient than litigating the breach in court and for contracts between international parties, pursuing arbitration can be a fairer means of settling a dispute than resorting to local courts.
In Japan, married couples have a legal obligation to remain faithful to each other. Therefore, if one spouse is unfaithful, both the unfaithful spouse and the cheating 3rd party, may have an obligation to pay damages to the non-cheating spouse. This is also true in the case of couples who are merely engaged rather than married, especially when the affair causes the breakup of the engagement.
Japanese visas limit the time a foreigner is able to stay in Japan as well as the activities he or she may engage in. However, a foreign resident in Japan may apply to the Minister of Justice to change the status of their residence. This change may include changing the designated period of stay or the designated approved activities. It is within the Minister of Justice’s discretion to grant or deny this application based on the strength of the applicants submission.
A Memorandum of Understanding, or MOU as it is commonly called, is a document signed between two or more parties that is intended to memorialize their shared agreement to pursue a certain goal. MOU vary in formality and can be very similar to formal contracts or simply a casual written summary of an oral agreement.