These days many lawsuits are filed to settle disputes regarding complex technical issues in fields such as medicine, construction or intellectual property. For cases such as these, Japanese law was modified in 2003 to allow the court may arrange for the participation of a technical adviser in the proceedings to explain issues and evidence. The technical adviser can better help the court and the parties understand the complex technical issues involved in the case.
The family registration system is used in Japan to register Japanese citizens from birth until death. In this way, the family register acts as a birth certificate, death certificate, proof of marriage and proof of divorce. It also can be used to certify Japanese citizenship. The family register, as the name suggests, is based upon familial relationships and parents, children and spouses will all usually be listed in the same register under a shared last name.
In order to obtain Japanese permanent residency, there is a list of requirements that the applicant must meet. Some of these requirements include the amount of time spent living in Japan, proof of good conduct and sufficient economic resources, among other things. However, for spouses of Japanese citizens, these requirements are relaxed in order to make it easier for them to obtain permanent residence in Japan.
An undertaking not to compete is a clause often used in commercial contracts in industries where competition is fierce. The clause aims to prevent a partner company or employee from engaging in business with a competitor during the term of the contract. In some cases, the undertaking not to compete, also sometimes called a non-compete clause, may prevent competition even after the contract ends for a set period of time.