Expert witnesses play a critical role in helping to inform and mold judges’ opinions regarding the more technical issues in a lawsuit. Since judges often have to deal with technical issues beyond their realm of experience, an expert witness’s testimony can be especially influential.
The skillful examination and cross-examination of witnesses is an important part of any successful lawsuit but equally important is the presentation of documentary and physical evidence. Notes, photos and other pieces of evidence can have a powerful impact on the judge’s view of the case when presented at the right time and in the right way.
After all the evidence has been presented and all the witnesses heard, the judge will call an end to the oral argument. He or she will then set a date for the rendition of judgment. At this hearing the judge will read from the main text of the judgment deciding the outcome of the case.
A lawsuit in Japan starts with the filing of a complaint by the injured party. The complaint should be filed with a court that has jurisdiction over the case and should state certain critical components of the case, such as what the complaining party is asking for and why, as well as listing any evidence that supports the claim.