A judgment at trial declares a winner and a loser to the lawsuit but the losing party still has an opportunity to continue the fight. The losing party may file an appeal with a court of second instance and ask this higher court to review the decision made by the trial judge.
Married couples have a duty to financially support each other during the course of their marriage. This duty to support exists even when the spouses are living separately. Usually these support payments will take the form of monthly bank transfers, similar to child support after divorce. The amount of money should be enough to provide for the daily necessities of the lower-income spouse.
When faced with the decision to acquire permanent residency or naturalize as a Japanese citizen, foreign nationals should first consider the benefits and disadvantages of each option. While both options include the legal right to stay in Japan, citizenship also grants certain privileges that permanent residents do not enjoy. However, becoming a Japanese citizen means giving up foreign citizenship which, for some, may outweigh the benefits that Japanese citizenship confers.
In international business deals the two parties may not share a common language. In these circumstances, the final contract may be translated into multiple languages and there may be up to two or three different language versions of the same agreement. Therefore, it is important to specify which language is the “official” version of the contract through a Choice of Language clause.