Under Japanese law, an agent is someone who can act on behalf of another party. Normally this situation arises in the context of one party affirmatively granting agency powers to another party, such as the grant of a power of attorney. However, agency relationships can also arise as a result of employment contracts or a guardianship.
The Employee’s Pension Insurance (EPI) is the mandatory national pension plan set up by the Japanese government. Participation is mandatory and all full-time employees who work for companies in Japan with 5 or more employees must be covered by the EPI. Part time workers are also covered if his or her work arrangements resemble those of a regular worker.
Japan’s Employee Health Insurance (EHI) System provides health insurance for workers in Japan. Employers are responsible for enrolling their employees in EHI and all employees who work for companies of more than five people must be covered. This applies equally to Japanese employees and foreign nationals. Part time workers whose work arrangements and duties resemble full time workers must also be covered by the EHI.