In general, Japanese employers are held liable for damage caused by the negligence of their employees during work. This same liability extends to people who supervise a business on behalf of an employer. However, this strict standard does not apply when the owner has exercised reasonable care in appointing or supervising the employee, or in circumstances where the damage could not have been avoided even if the employer had exercised reasonable care. Furthermore, the employer is free to seek reimbursement from the negligent employee where appropriate.
Indecent exposure, assault, contempt, a violation of the Minor Offenses Act and public nuisance drunkenness result in a punishment of Misdemeanor Imprisonment without Work. This sentence carries a maximum punishment of imprisonment for less than 30 days but the minimum punishment for this sentence is just one day.
Criminal fines in Japan come in two types: Fines and Petty Fines. A petty fine is between 1000 yen and 10,000 yen. Anything above 10,000 yen is a normal fine, although normal fines can be reduced to below 10,000 yen due to mitigating circumstances.
Drug related crimes are taken very seriously in Japan. The Cannabis Control Act criminalizes the import, export or growing of marijuana in Japan and orders heavy punishment for those that break the law. Growing, importing or exporting marijuana in Japan can be punished with up to 7 years in prison. However, engaging in any of those acts with the intent to profit carries a heavier punishment of imprisonment for up to 10 years. Similarly, simple possession of marijuana carries a sentence of up to 5 years of prison, while possession with the intent to profit is punishable by up to […]