The filing of a legal complaint is what starts a lawsuit in Japan. The complaint should clearly list the parties involved as well as the object and statement of the claim. The complaint describe the petitioner’s goals and evidence so, by reading the complaint, the respondent should have a full understanding of the petitioner’s case.
The object of the claim is basically what kind of judgment the filing party (the plaintiff) is asking for. An ideal victory for the plaintiff would be exactly as written in the object of the claim.
The statement of the claim includes the facts and legal basis for why the plaintiff should win. Necessary evidence should also be attached to the complaint in order to provide a complete picture of the plaintiff’s argument.
If you have questions about pre-trial proceedings in Japan, please contact our office for a legal consultation.