The notary system in Japan is similar to the system of notarizing documents in foreign countries. Notaries prepare notarial deeds, attest to a private deed and attest to legal documents. When two parties sign an agreement in front of a notary, the notary can provide official proof that the parties signed the document and understood what they were signing.
Having a foreign judgment against a Japanese person or company entitles the debt’s owner to legally enforce the debt in Japan. However, while this is the only solution in many cases, enforcing that debt can cost money and time and it may be advisable to pursue other options before filing a lawsuit. Rather than immediately pursue legal action, usually it is beneficial to have an attorney contact the debtor and open negotiations first.
Married couples in Japan are responsible for sharing expenses related to the marriage. Specifically, if one spouse signs a contract with a third party regarding everyday household matters (such as a cleaning service) then the other spouse will also be a responsible party under this contract unless there is prior notice given that he or she will not assume any liability under the agreement. However, this sharing of costs for household necessities and daily expenses does not extend to liability incurred in other areas not related to the marriage. For example, barring some special circumstance, a wife will not be […]
These days, email exchanges have become ubiquitous and most business communication is now done over the internet rather than a phone line. This change in business norms has provide a great boost for creditors attempting to enforce debts because email exchanges between creditors and debtors often provide solid evidence of the existence of a debt and the debtor’s obligation to pay.