Owning a copyright prevents others from copying your work. This is helpful to maintain the integrity of your brand but merely preventing copying by itself does not generate any revenue for the copyright owner. In order to monetize your copyrights, it is important to enter into licensing agreements with other parties who wish to copy your work.
Japanese law mandates that certain safety equipment should be prepared before riding a bike in Japan. Neglecting to use headlights on a bicycle between sunset and sunrise could result in a fine up to 50,000 yen. Also, children should always have a helmet, whether they are driving the bike or merely riding in the back seat.
The bankruptcy estate is composed of the assets held by the applicant at the time of filing for bankruptcy. However, there are some exceptions to what can be included in the estate. When a natural person goes through bankruptcy, the court will limit the estate so that a certain range of assets critical to protecting the debtor’s life cannot be included.
Public prosecutors in Japan handle a variety of cases but in general they are split between two types: violations of Japan’s penal code (criminal cases) and violations of traffic laws. Statistically, the numbers of these cases are similar but criminal cases make up a small majority.