The Ministry of Justice will accept requests for disclosure of alien registration records for foreigners living in Japan. Having a copy of these records can help foreign nationals clarify the source of their immigration problems or provide evidence in an immigration dispute. However, these records contain very private information and therefore, the Ministry of Justice takes great care to avoid disclosing them to the wrong person. The ministry does this by ensuring that only applications for disclosure by certain people will be accepted.
The exclusivity of an agreement is an important part of negotiating any business deal and plays a large role in licensing agreements and distributorship agreements. Making a distributorship agreement exclusive means that only the distributor with the exclusive right may sell the products. Similarly, an exclusive license means that only the licensee can use the license. This exclusivity provides a major business advantage, ensuring that the exclusive distributor or licensee will not face any competition from other companies distributing the same product or using the same license.
When an employee leaves the service of a company, he or she is required by law to keep trade secrets confidential. Revealing trade secrets, whether for compensation or for free, is illegal and the basis for a lawsuit under Japan’s unfair competition laws. Companies are subject to the same liability for questioning their own employees about the trade secrets of the employee’s former companies.
Normally, the patent office is only provided with the patent applicant’s viewpoint when considering a patent application. However, this sometimes doesn’t give the patent office all the information necessary to make a decision on the application as there might be certain prior art that the applicant may wish to hide. This is why it is also possible for third parties to submit their opinions on pending applications.