Next to acquiring Japanese citizenship, permanent residency is the most secure status that a foreign national can obtain to stay in Japan. However, although the name suggests otherwise, permanent residency does not grant the holder an unlimited right to stay in Japan. Unlike citizenship, permanent residency can be taken away under certain conditions.
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA) is an agreement signed between two or more parties to prevent the disclosure of confidential information. It also can be called a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA).
The Japanese government assesses a number of taxes and fees during the course of the establishment of a new corporation in Japan. Some of these fees include a stamp for the articles of incorporation (approx. 30,000 JPY) and a registration license tax (150,000 JPY or 0.7% of the capital investment, whichever is higher).
The Utility Model Act protects the shape or structure of a device. Typically, Utility Model applications are reserved for inventions that are simpler than those covered by the Patent Act and as such, the application process is also streamlined. However, the 10 year protection granted is only half as long as the duration of a patent right.