There are two types of spousal visas in Japan, one for spouses of Japanese citizens and one for spouses of permanent residents of Japan, although both visas are substantially the same. Therefore, it is possible for a foreign national to receive a visa to enter Japan even if his/her spouse is only a Japanese permanent resident.
Goods shipped under the condition Cost and Freight (CFR) must be loaded onto the method of transport by the seller. The seller is then responsible for paying any fees associated with the port of loading as well as paying the shipping cost to deliver the goods to the buyer. However, the cost of insurance (if necessary) and all fees associated with the port of call are borne by the buyer.
In addition to the subsidies, tax breaks and other incentive programs offered by the national Japanese government, the local Osaka prefectural government also offers programs to encourage foreign businesses to establish a presence in the prefecture. For example, foreign businesses expanding into Osaka can get subsidies of up to 5% off purchases of land for a headquarters building or up to 1/3 off of their rent when renting. Renovating an old factory or R&D facility can also results in a subsidy.
Not all unauthorized uses of copyrighted material can be the basis for a infringement litigation. Some types of behavior that would otherwise be infringing are allowed under the Copyright Act. For example, use of copyrighted material in schools for educational purposes is generally allowed under the Copyright Act. Therefore, if a teacher copies passages out of a novel to create homework for his or her students, the copyright owner cannot sue the teacher for infringement.