The skillful examination and cross-examination of witnesses is an important part of any successful lawsuit but equally important is the presentation of documentary and physical evidence. Notes, photos and other pieces of evidence can have a powerful impact on the judge’s view of the case when presented at the right time and in the right way.
After all the evidence has been presented and all the witnesses heard, the judge will call an end to the oral argument. He or she will then set a date for the rendition of judgment. At this hearing the judge will read from the main text of the judgment deciding the outcome of the case.
A lawsuit in Japan starts with the filing of a complaint by the injured party. The complaint should be filed with a court that has jurisdiction over the case and should state certain critical components of the case, such as what the complaining party is asking for and why, as well as listing any evidence that supports the claim.
Lawsuits begin with the plaintiff filing a complaint again the defendant. After receiving a copy of the complaint, the defendant must file an answer. The answer should be submitted to the court and to the opposing party and it should provide the defendant’s version of the facts of the case including what parts of the complaint the defendant disagrees with or believes are untrue.