The Hague Convention on International Child Abduction mandates that member countries establish or designate a Central Authority to handle cases brought under the Hague Convention. As the actual work of enforcing the Hague Convention falls on the staff of each country’s Central Authority, these offices play an important role in ensuring the smooth and efficient cooperation between countries according to the rules of the Hague Convention. In Japan, the Central Authority has been established in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
A Japanese immigration control officer can temporarily detain a foreign national if he or she reasonably believes that the foreign national has committed a deportable offence such as overstaying a visa or committing a crime. However, this temporary detention is only allowed in situations that require urgent action and once the foreigner has been safely detained, the immigration officer must deliver the foreigner and any evidence relating to the offense to an immigration inspector within 48 hours from the start of the detention.
In Japan, most contract rights are assignable to third parties. This general rule is limited to rights that are of an assignable nature (such as collecting payment) and to contracts that do not explicitly prevent assignments. This means that a party to a contract may assign his right to collect ten million yen over the course of a year, to a third party in exchange for nine million yen immediately. This rule favoring assignment allows parties to freely contract to suit their needs and ideally should promote the best possible economic outcome for all parties.
Registering a company in Japan requires creating a company seal. The company seal is a stamp that is usually a little larger than a normal personal seal. It also usually has the company’s name or logo on it. The company seal is used on documents and contracts as the company’s official seal of approval. However, in order to act as the company’s official seal, a stamp must be registered with the Japanese government. After registration, the Legal Affairs Bureau can provide a company with their seal registration certificate, which, as the name suggests, is a document that certifies that the company seal […]