Certain patented inventions may require approval from a government agency, such as those regulating consumer products, medical devices or food, before they are allowed to be sold to the public. This period of waiting for approval unfairly cuts into the patent term and lowers the profit an inventor can expect to make. Therefore, patents in this situation may be extended for a further period of up to five more years.
Sometimes a will specifies that part of the estate should be given to a religious organization or a charity. In these cases, if the inheritor meets certain conditions, the religious organization or charity may not need to pay any inheritance taxes. This rule encourages people to leave their money to charities or other worthwhile causes.
One of the requirements for a corporation to enter bankruptcy in Japan is that it be “balance sheet insolvent.” Balance sheet insolvent means that even if the corporation has assets on hand, it cannot make full payment to all of its creditors even by selling all of its remaining assets. In essence, the company’s debt outweighs its assets.